What are the most dangerous viruses? According to American veterinarians, 80-90% of all respiratory viral diseases cause Kalychevirus and the herpes virus. That's what the cat should be planted from. As for the equally unpleasant coronavirus causing infectious peritonitis, unfortunately, only one Primucell FIP vaccine is available, which is recommended only in emergency cases, for example, if there is contact with infected animals or at the recommendation of a veterinarian.
The symptomatology of viral diseases affecting the respiratory system is very similar. In most cases, the cat becomes sluggish, refuses to feed, avoids the person, hides in secluded places. The temperature can be slightly increased (39-39.5 °), but sometimes more serious (40-41 °). On the second, third day of the disease there are transparent discharge from the eyes and nose, which eventually become purulent. There may be coughing, diarrhea and vomiting. In such a clinical picture for the diagnosis, the doctor will ask you to hand over the tests of your four-legged friend. Do not neglect this request, because the sooner it becomes known, with what illness you will have to fight, the more chances for success. Another scourge, pursuing the owners of cats, is urolithiasis. Statistics run counter to the prevalent opinion about the predisposition to this disease of castrated cats. And this is due to the illiterate content of castrated animals. Firstly, it is recommended that a cat be operated at an age not earlier than one year. Only by this time the urethra is formed completely. After the operation, carried out at 7-8 months, it stops in its development, which further facilitates the retention of salts. Secondly, we must not forget that castrated animals usually lead a sedentary lifestyle and quickly gain excess weight. This leads to a metabolic disorder, the constant companion of which is urolithiasis. That's why it's so important not to overfeed the animal.
You need to carefully monitor what and how much your cat eats. For example, many owners who often feed cats fish, and do not suspect that thereby violate the water-salt exchange of their pets. The fact is that the fish is rich in phosphorus. The excess of this element in the blood plasma leads to a sharp decrease in plasma calcium. The parathyroid gland responsible for the level of calcium in the blood reacts instantly to its deficiency by releasing parathyroid hormone. This hormone is currently considered the main toxin in kidney failure. Today, there are many special balanced ready-made feeds, both dry and canned, that will help you with the treatment of the initial stage of the urological syndrome, and also serve as prevention against urolithiasis.
If you notice that the urination gives the cat discomfort, she mourns mournfully, takes unnatural poses or does not urinate at all during the day, then immediately consult a doctor! Every missed hour can cost a friend's life!
Talking about the diseases of cats, you can not say at least a few words about injuries. Everyone knows the desire of these small predators to certainly try themselves as parachutists. Often, adult cats are injured when clarifying the relationship between themselves, especially during the mating season. Consider the most common injuries of the musculoskeletal system. When stretched, the animal feels pain inside the joint, there may be swelling, an increase in temperature at the site of injury, lameness. To provide first aid it is necessary to ensure the immobility of the joint, it is better to apply a tire, for example, made of cardboard. To reduce the swelling, apply ice well. With tearing or full rupture of tendons, lameness, pain and swelling occur in the tendon area. Treatment, as in the case of stretching, is to immobilize the joint. However, with complete ruptures of the tendons, an experienced surgeon needs intervention. Symptoms of dislocation are acute pain, inability to rest on the limb, its deformation. In cats, a dislocation of the hip is most often observed. And some cats, for example the Devon Rex breed, have a hereditary predisposition to dislocating the patella. With any dislocation, regardless of the degree of its severity, you can not do without the help of a veterinarian. Finally, a cat may have a fracture. Classification of fractures is diverse. They can be open, i. E. With damage to surrounding soft tissues, and closed, splinter and solid, with and without displacement, etc. A fracture requires the imposition of a cast bandage. In difficult cases, when the bone is fragmented, surgery is necessary - osteosynthesis. It is conducted by experienced surgeons in specialized clinics. Perhaps, one of the most common questions that arise in cat lovers is the issue of their breeding. This is a whole science that requires a professional approach. If your pet is the pride of the exhibitions and for its descendants there is a great future, then you will have to prepare well for his "career". But believe me, that once found in a cold entrance squeaking from hunger and fear, and now a well-groomed and beloved murcha at all Will not suffer from the fact that her maternal instinct is never realized. Sterilizing such a cat at one-year-old age, you take off a lot of problems, ranging from the monthly torment associated with estrus, and ending with the eternal puzzle, where to attach no-one to the necessary kittens.
Many owners of non-sterilized cats complain that after each birth their pet has mastitis. Inflammation of the breast, indeed, occurs often enough, especially when the kittens are taken away from the mother immediately after birth. Stagnation of milk - a phenomenon, of course, unpleasant and painful, is dangerous, first of all, the development of purulent-septic processes. Inspect each nipple of the cat after giving birth. If the glands are swollen and elastic, perhaps hot to the touch, but your inspection does not give the animal pain, the kittens actively suck, and do not hunger all day long, and the surface of the nipple has no cracks, there is nothing to worry about. But if there is obvious pain when you touch a certain gland, while the cat itself shows an increased interest to it (it always lickens), then it is worthwhile to be on the alert. Twice a day apply warm compresses to the inflamed area, at night it is good to reattach the cabbage leaf, previously scalded with boiling water and cooled, it is also recommended to reduce the daily ration and the amount of drinking water. The condition of the cat should improve after two or three days, otherwise it needs a doctor. I hope that this article will be useful for readers, and, most importantly, will help prevent some very unpleasant diseases that cloud our pets for an already not very long century.
Professional veterinary clinic and veterinarian can help you cope with any diseases not only cats and dogs, but also parrots, snakes, pythons, turtles, guinea pigs and hamsters with rats. There are excellent veterinary clinics in Moscow, London, New York 10045, Los Angeles 90014, Beverly Hills 90203, Atlanta 30362 and also known veterinary clinics in Kiev, Tokyo, Washington, Brussels, Boston, California and other states. Similar clinics treat diseases of cats, dogs, are engaged in excretion of worms, and help get rid of fleas. Although cured of fleas, cured of worms is not easy, but veterinarians will offer you a good cure for fleas, a remedy for worms, as well as vitamins for wool, and against hair loss.
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